Treat legal writing

Legal Writing and Analysis (Coursebook michael Murray

treat legal writing

Treat definition of Treat by merriam-Webster

Here are some instances of slightly less common structures. Intervening words Sometimes a group of words that modify the subject will come before the verb. This situation can be tricky, because it will put a noun closely related to the subject right next to the verb. Here's an example: Wrong: "The criminal nature of these incidents do not divest Family court of jurisdiction." The writer has tried to create agreement, matching a plural noun, "incidents with a plural verb, "do not divest." This mistake is natural because "incidents" appears where. However, "incidents" actually belongs to a prepositional phrase that modifies an earlier word, "nature and the word should agree with that verb: Right: "The criminal nature of these incidents does not divest Family court of jurisdiction." A test: Try saying the sentence without the intervening. Verbs preceding subjects While verbs usually come after subjects, in a few instances you will find them reversed. This is most common in questions What is the standard governing municipal tort liability, and which elements must be met to satisfy the special relationship exception to that rule? and in sentences beginning with "there." Right: "There is a long history of judicial intervention in public schools since Brown.

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Wrong: "five thousand dollars were awarded to the plaintiff." Right: "five thousand dollars was awarded to the plaintiff." Consider such amounts as lump sums rather than individual dollars (pounds, hours, etc.). Some words you might not realize are plural: 1) Words that come from Latin. "Data" and "agenda" are both plural; although they are often treated as singular in informal conversation, for the purpose of professional writing they should be treated with technical accuracy as plural. Wrong: "The data does not support this conclusion." Right: "The data do not support this conclusion." Or, right: "The datum does not support this conclusion." Some singular/plural pairs that follow this model: agendum/agenda, criterion/criteria, datum/data, dictum/dicta. 2) Collective nouns that represent a group of individuals who are acting independently. Whereas, for example, the word "jury" would take a singular verb when the jurors act in concert the jury decided that. it student would take a plural verb when differences between the group are emphasized. Wrong: "The jury disagrees among spondylolisthesis themselves on this issue." Right: "The jury disagree on this issue." If this construction sounds awkward to you, you might rebuild the sentence with a different subject: Right: "The members of the jury disagree on this issue." Note that some. Some examples: elderly police poor young Right: "The elderly receive special protection under the law." Recognizing subjects and verbs in unusual places In many sentences, the verb immediately follows the subject: "The police officer frisked the suspect." This form is both common and effective because. However, variations occur and you cannot necessarily depend on the subject of the sentence to be the noun just left of the verb.

Wrong: "Gymnastics are more dangerous than football.". Right: "Gymnastics is more dangerous than football." 3 collective nouns that represent a group of individuals acting as essay a body. Consider the following: Right: "The sons of the revolution has an intertwined relationship with the state.". Although under ordinary circumstances, "sons" would take a plural verb, in this case the writer has correctly understood that "Sons of the revolution" is a proper noun referring to one organization as a whole, rather than several particular sons. Similarly, some common nouns that may represent a group of people acting as one are: board (of directors) committee corporation couple court family government jury majority panel (of judges note that some of these words should be handled differently if they are used to represent. Wrong: "The court stated that they were ill-equipped to second-guess the trial court judge's determination.". Right: "The court stated that it was ill-equipped to second-guess the trial court judge's determination." This is also true of expressions dealing with time, money, and weight.

treat legal writing

Offer v invitation to Treat - law teacher

But here are a few to watch out for. Some words you might not realize are singular: 1 words that seem to refer to a group but must be treated like individuals because they are grammatically singular. They are: another anybody anyone anything each either every everybody everyone less little much neither nobody none no one nothing somebody someone something. For some words, it may help to think of the word split into its parts, so that "everyone" becomes "every one "none" becomes "not one and. This strategy emphasizes that the subject is "one" degenerative every" indicates which "one" is under consideration) and "one" is obviously singular. Wrong: "Of all the students in the class, none have taken Latin.". Right: "Of all the students in the class, none has taken Latin." 2 words that end in "s" but represent a concept as a whole. Some examples: news, politics, statistics, economics.

Below are some tips on how to avoid. If reading a work then try to read a whole section and chapter and then write down your own thoughts about what the chapter was about first without referring back. 2.If you do make notes as you go along then remember if you write out exactly what they say (or almost word for word) underline it so that when you come back to the notes you realise that these were not your own words. 3.Write down clear references as you make notes so that you are aware of the source and can acknowledge. 4.If you are working as a group then try and write your final report on your own so that your own ideas are represented and you do not  mistakenly use the same structure as your fellow students. Subject/verb agreement can seem straightforward for native speakers and others comfortable with English; we know to write "the attorney argues" and "the attorneys argue." However, some special circumstances can make it more difficult to tell whether a subject and verb really do agree. These complications can arise from the words themselves, or from their order in a particular sentence. Recognizing plural and singular nouns, again, the basics are straightforward - we usually add an "s" to the end of a noun to form a plural (a group of more than one "defendant" constitutes "defendants and know the most common irregular plurals (a group.

Assignment (law) - wikipedia

treat legal writing

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Plagiarism is the copying of actual words or ideas without proper reference to red the original source and with the intention of passing the work off as your own. . Plagiarism also covers where words have been added or taken away but the structure of the work is there and it has not dissertation been altered substantially to convey your own ideas and meaning. Plagiarism covers: a) Copying from any written source: books, articles, speeches, diagrams, web pages, handouts, lecture notes, transcripts. B) Copying from other students. . even if you have worked together, if you have to produce separate reports or analysis it must not be identical.

Why is it wrong? A) Because authors and researchers spend a lot of time and effort to produce work and this should be acknowledged and not stolen b) Because it does not encourage individual thought and research and this is a skill that is essential to be successful. Because of this academic institutions treat plagiarism very seriously and so take time to read the university's policy to understand any sanctions that may be taken if you are found to have plagiarised. University of Oxford's policy and an excellent guide on Plagiarism can be found the on the. Education Committee web pages. Tips on avoiding plagiarism, it is sometimes hard to avoid using other people's work and ideas, especially if you are new to a subject. .

He is the person charged with securing the grocery store and its property. The security attendant sees person A put the loaf of bread underneath his coat and walk through the checkout without paying. The security attendant now has to act because he has been charged with the security of the store and he has just cause. The security attendant performs the investigation after he puts person a in detention and it takes two hours. Two hours might seem like an unreasonable amount of time but given the fact that person A was unresponsive and uncooperative it seems to be reasonable.

It also seems as if the security attendant was doing his due diligence as he releases person a as soon as the facts are established and it is shown that person A was not stealing the loaf of bread. Finally we have to look at the fact that since the activity took place in a grocery store, the shopkeeper's privilege applies directly to the security attendant in charge of securing the store and its property. This privilege gives the security attendant extra leeway in detaining people in whom he has reasonable suspicion. Most courts would lean heavily towards the shopkeeper because person A was on the property of the grocery store and thus could be subjected to extra scrutiny given the long history of the shopkeeper's privilege in common law. Conclusion, person A would most likely not prevail in the courts because the security attendant does not satisfy either element of false imprisonment. The detention of person A was legal because the security attendant had both just cause and authority. Additionally, the shopkeeper's privilege further solidifies the legality of the detention. Person a, therefore, has no recourse under the law.

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The second factor of hibernation the element of just cause is bill the environment. The activity takes place in a grocery store. A grocery store is usually a place where shoplifters and other thieves operate regularly. This reduces the burden of just cause placed on the person performing the detention. The security attendant has to be unusually vigilant and suspicious of a person's motive because of his location. This then seems to satisfy the second factor of the element of just cause, environment. The second element of false imprisonment is authority. The person performing the detention of a is the security attendant of the grocery store.

treat legal writing

The security attendant saw person A pick up a loaf of bread and stuff it beneath his jacket. This is an uncommon action as most grocery shop customers usually do not hide produce under their personal belongings. The security attendant, therefore, has reasonable suspicion because a reasonable person in his place would have also considered this action to be suspicious. Person A further walks by the cash wyndham register without paying. The security attendant has already seen person A hiding the bread under his jacket and honestly believes that person a is still in possession of the loaf of bread. A reasonable person in the security attendant's stead would arguably act to stop person. Thus, this seems to satisfy the first factor of the element of just cause, reasonable suspicion.

a grocery store. He was further detained by a security attendant. The security attendant had seen him pick up a loaf of bread and walk past the cash register without paying. The security attendant detained him until he discovered that no theft had taken place. Person A was subsequently released upon this determination of fact. A court looking at these facts would try to apply the two elements of false imprisonment. The first element of false imprisonment is just cause. The first factor of just cause is reasonable suspicion.

The courts have made fruit exceptions in the favor of the person conducting the detention if he is a shopkeeper. This special privilege is called the shopkeeper's privilege. In general the element of authority is usually seen as one part of a two part legal justification for legally justifiable detention. For example in cases involving detention by an officer of the law, courts have ruled that the officer has to have both just cause and authority. Authority in itself is not enough. The same reasoning applies to all detaining individuals. Exceptions are made in the case where a person of authority has to conduct an investigation with just cause and courts usually grant a reasonable amount of time in detention for this purpose.

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Issue, the issue here is summary whether person A could prevail in court by alleging that he was falsely imprisoned. Rules, most jurisdictions in the United States allow recovery for false imprisonment. The courts look at two elements in determining whether a person has been falsely imprisoned, namely just cause and authority. In looking at the element of just cause, courts further analyze two factors: reasonable suspicion and the environment in which the actions take place. If a person suspects that he is being deprived of property legally attached to him and he can show that his suspicions are reasonable then he is said to have a reasonable suspicion. Courts also look at whether the activity in question took place in an environment where stealing is common. Crowded public places and shops are considered to be more justifiable places where a person could have just cause for reasonable suspicion in comparison to private property or sparsely populated areas. In looking at the other element of authority, the courts tend to favor people directly charged with handling security as people with the authority to detain a person in comparison to private individuals.

treat legal writing
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4 Comment

  1. They gave examples of the treat method on a single issue, but I was lost as far.

  2. Of professional writing they should be treated with technical accuracy as plural. Likely to say something like irac or creac or crupac or treat. indeed, the organizational2 paradigm is a feature of many legal writing textbooks, and. This law school text teaches the fundamentals of legal writing, analysis, and.

  3. There is no one way to approach your legal analysis. I strongly recommend the appr oach outlined below, referred to as creac, whereby you start your analysis. 1) Words that seem to refer to a group but must be treated like individuals.

  4. This is mostly used for writing assignments. Issues, Analysis cases, conclusion, conclusion) ; treat (Thesis, rule, rule Explanation, rule Application, Thesis trrac ( Thesis. Below are a number of other online resources about legal writing. Because of this academic institutions treat plagiarism very seriously and.

  5. Chapter 6 deals with Organizing Legal Writing: The t-r-e-a-t method, which presents the t-r-e-a-t organizational paradigm for legal writing. Irac is an acronym that generally stands for: Issue, rule, application, and Conclu sion. It functions as a methodology for legal analysis.

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