In the ensuing two months, little progress was made on the report. By june, nitze had practically given up. But on, north Korean forces crossed the 38th parallel north. 13 With the korean War begun, nsc 68 took on new importance. As Acheson later remarked: "Korea. Created the stimulus which made action." 14 Public opinion edit The Truman Administration began a nationwide public relations campaign to convince congress and opinion-setters of the need for strategic rearmament and containment of soviet communism. It had to overcome isolationists, including Senator Robert.
Meaning, of, report, text?
This message was received loud and clear, and dominated many foreign policy decisions throughout the paper cold War. Internal debate edit nsc 68 drew some criticism from senior government officials who believed the cold War was being escalated unnecessarily. When the report was sent to top officials in the Truman administration for review before its official delivery to the President, many of them scoffed at its arguments. Willard Thorp questioned its contention that the "ussr is steadily reducing the discrepancy between its overall economic strength and that of the United States." Thorp argued: "I do not feel that this position is demonstrated, but rather the reverse. The actual gap is widening in our favor." he pointed out that in 1949 the us economy had increased twofold over that of the soviet Union. Steel production in the us outpaced the soviet Union by 2 million tons; stockpiling of goods and oil production both far exceeded soviet amounts. As for soviet military investment, Thorp was skeptical that the ussr was committing such large portion of its gdp: "I suspect a larger portion of soviet investment went into housing." William Schaub of the bureau of the budget was particularly harsh, believing that "in every. Kennan, although "father" of the containment policy, also disagreed with the document, particularly its call for massive rearmament (frus, 1950, vol. Truman's position edit President Harry. Truman, even after the soviets became a nuclear power, sought to curb military spending. However, he did not reject the recommendations of nsc 68 out of hand, instead of returning it to circulation and asking for an estimate of the costs involved.
In other words, the aggressive nature of soviet expansion required a strong response from the. In order to prevent the destruction of America. This, of course, was phrased in a context of military exploits (referring to the military victory in World War i and World War ii and therefore emphasized military expansion. Also crucial in understanding this document is report the language. Indeed, primary sources must be read carefully, in order to recognize themes or motifs. Adjectives provide valuable insight into the motives of this document's authors, and the impression it had on its intended audience. An example is the description of the international situation, as provoked by the soviet Union, as endemic. By using this language, it is clear that the authors wished to portray the soviet Union as a sickness, and the.
Foreign policy edit "For several centuries, it had proved impossible for any one nation to gain such preponderant strength that a coalition of other nations could not in time face it with greater strength." — nsc. 4 Serving as the main point of the opening paragraph of nsc 68, this sentence is a reference to the. Leading the international community out of World War ii (by way of ending the war in Japan). The 'one nation' is in reference to the nazis, and the 'coalition of other nations' is in reference to the Allied nations during World War. The document continues to identify that the soviet Union's sphere of influence, if allowed to grow, would become such a powerful force, that no coalition of nations could band together and oppose. This is significant because firstly, the soviet Union is identified in the document as the antithesis of the United States, and secondly, the soviet Union is committed to extending its sphere of influence. A thorough knowledge of this document is required for understanding. Foreign policymakers in the early cold War. After reading this document, they rapidly recognized the need for militarization out of the interest of self-preservation.
Does a delivery report mean a person has read the text
Kennan 's theory of containment articulated a multifaceted approach for. Foreign policy in response to the book perceived soviet threat, the report recommended policies that emphasized military over diplomatic action. Kennan's influential 1947 "X" article advocated a policy of containment towards the soviet Union. It described containment as "a policy of calculated and gradual coercion" and called for significant peacetime military spending, in which the. Possessed "superior overall power" "in dependable combination with other like-minded nations." In particular, it called for a military capable of Defending the western Hemisphere and essential allied areas so that their war-making capabilities can be developed; Providing and protecting a mobilization base while the offensive. Nsc 68 itself did not contain any specific cost estimates at a time when the United States was committing six to seven percent of its gnp to defense. It was evident that the limits the President had previously set on defense spending were too low.
The report called for tripling defense spending to 40 or 50 billion per year from the original 13 billion set for 1950. 10 It specified a reduction of taxes and a "reduction of Federal expenditures for purposes other than defense and foreign assistance, if necessary by the deferment of certain desirable programs 9 as a means for paying for. However, several officials involved in the preparation of the study, including the future chairman of the president's council of Economic Relations leon keyserling, suggested that the massive increase in military spending could be afforded by deliberate acceptance of government deficits, which would have the added. 11 Indeed, the document does note that achieving a high gross national product might itself be aided by a build-up of the economic and military strength of the United States, 9 and the deputy secretary of Defense robert lovett also suggested that the American economy. 12 Relation.
3, with these threats to the. And its allies expanding, on President Truman directed the. Department of State and, department of Defense "to undertake a reexamination of our objectives in peace and war and of the effect of these objectives on our strategic plans." a state-defense policy review Group was set up under the chairmanship. Paul Nitze of the State department. 4, the defense department representatives on the committee initially resisted proposals that would exceed the existing.5 billion ceiling on defense spending.
5 The report, designated nsc 68, was presented to President Truman on, who passed it on to the nsc for further consideration on 6 nsc study Group: Originally, president Truman did not support nsc 68 when it was brought to him in 1950. He believed that it was not specific about which programs would be affected or changed and it also didn't go well with his previous defense spending limits. Truman sent it back for further review until he finally approved it in 1951. 7 The document outlined the de facto national security strategy of the United States for that time (though it was not an official nss in the form we know today) and analyzed the capabilities of the soviet Union and of the United States of America. Nsc 68 described the challenges facing the United States in cataclysmic terms. "The issues that face us are momentous the document stated, "involving the fulfillment or destruction not only of this Republic but of civilization itself." 8 Content and meaning edit nsc 68 saw the goals and aims of the United States as sound, yet poorly implemented, calling. 9 Although george.
Report, text, english Lesson
May, nsc 68 "provided the blueprint for the militarization of the cold War from 1950 to the collapse of the soviet Union at the beginning of the 1990s." nsc 68 and its subsequent amplifications advocated a large expansion in the military budget of the United States, the. It made the rollback of global Communist expansion a high priority. Nsc 68 rejected the alternative policies of friendly détente and containment of the soviet Union. 1, contents, historical background loyalty edit, by 1950, events dictated the need to examine. National security policies: the. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (nato) was operational; military assistance for European allies had begun; the soviet Union had detonated an atomic bomb and the communists had solidified their control. In addition, a british sterling-dollar analysis crisis in the summer of 1949 had brought home. Marshall Plan would not suffice to cure western European economic ills by 1952, the Plan's scheduled end year, with the prospect that Western Europe would have no choice but to pursue autarchy, as it had in the 1930s, with all the attendant difficulties that would. 2, similar problems were also plaguing Japan.
L.2.5.a Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., describe foods that are spicy or juicy ). L.2.5.b Distinguish shades of meaning among closely related verbs (e.g., toss, throw, hurl ) and closely related adjectives (e.g., thin, slender, skinny, scrawny ). L.2.6 Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts, including using adjectives and adverbs to describe (e.g., When other kids are happy that makes me happy ). United States Objectives and Programs for National Security, better known as, nSC 68, was a 66-page top secret. National Security council (NSC) policy paper drafted by the, department of State and, department of Defense and presented to President, harry. Truman on It was one of the most important American policy statements of the. In the words of scholar.
on grade 2 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies. L.2.4.a, use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. L.2.4.b, determine the meaning of the new word formed when a known prefix is added to a known word (e.g., happy/unhappy, tell/retell ). L.2.4.c Use a known root word as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word with the same root (e.g., addition, additional ). L.2.4.d Use knowledge of the meaning of individual words to predict the meaning of compound words (e.g., birdhouse, lighthouse, housefly; bookshelf, notebook, bookmark ). L.2.4.e Use glossaries and beginning dictionaries, both print and digital, to determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases. L.2.5 Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
Produce, expand, and rearrange complete simple and compound sentences (e.g., The boy watched the movie; The little boy watched the movie; The action movie was watched by the little boy ). L.2.2, demonstrate words command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. L.2.2.a, capitalize holidays, product names, and geographic names. L.2.2.b, use commas in greetings and closings of letters. L.2.2.c, use an apostrophe to form contractions and frequently occurring possessives. L.2.2.d, generalize learned spelling patterns when writing words (e.g., cage badge; boy boil ). L.2.2.e, consult reference materials, including beginning dictionaries, as needed to check and correct spellings. Knowledge of Language: ccss.
Meaning, of report " In This, text?
Conventions of short Standard English: ccss. L.2.1, demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. L.2.1.a, use collective nouns (e.g., group ). L.2.1.b, form and use frequently occurring irregular plural nouns (e.g., feet, children, teeth, mice, fish ). L.2.1.c, use reflexive pronouns (e.g., myself, ourselves ). L.2.1.d, form and use the past tense of frequently occurring irregular verbs (e.g., sat, hid, told ). L.2.1.e, use adjectives and adverbs, and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.