The most severe contamination of groundwater was recently discovered, where millions of people are at risk and consumption of these heavy metals contaminated water has caused widespread death and disease (Nickson., 1998). Heavy metals are critical in this regard because of their easy uptake into the food chain and because of bioaccumulation processes (Diagomanolin., 2004). It means that concentration of a chemical will increase in our bodies over time. Our body absorbed these heavy metals from the environment and they are stored at a rate that is faster than they are metabolized or excreted from the body. In traces concentration, some heavy metals like copper and zinc are essential to maintaining good health and metabolism within the human body. But if the concentration level is higher enough, even beneficial metals can be toxic and poison. 1.3 Objectives of the study This study tends to highlight the specific element of heavy metals present in each bottled mineral water. More specifically, the aims are: to measure the level of heavy metals in selected bottled mineral water.
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It contains various minerals such as Sodium, magnesium, potassium and Calcium. Therefore, all nmw must comply with the standards as prescribed in Schedule 26 (Regulation 360A (7 food Regulations 1985. Packaged drinking water essay shall be potable water or treated potable water other than natural mineral water that is sealed in bottles or other types of packaging and is for human consumption. The source for this pdw can be from public water supply, surface water or underground water. The simplest way to differentiate between these two types of bottled water is by the colour of the bottle cap. Multicoloured bottle caps are given for natural mineral water while white bottle caps are only for packaged drinking water Competition from water dispensed by vending machines, the price of bottled mineral water, and growing consumer awareness of the environmental impact of bottled mineral water are. Furthermore, the increasing of consumer's concern for the environment, both in terms of the wastes resulting from the polyethyleneterepthalate (PET) bottles and the effect on the ecological system from wide scale water extraction, is also one of the reason for some consumers to prevent from. 1.2 Statement of problem Based on Latinopolous. (1997 a serious health effect that may cause by groundwater contamination is the reason for the increasing of public concern about the quality of groundwater resource in recent years. In present, the public is getting more concerned about their health whereby they are more interested to know about the water they consume.
Table.1: Per capita consumption of bottled water in leading countries (beverage marketing Corporation, 2008). Country, gallons Per Capita, mexico.5.1, italy.1.0, united Arab Emirates.4.7. Belgium.1.0, germany.9.8, france.1.6, spain.5.9, lebanon.4.5, really hungary.2.2, united States.6.5. Switzerland.4.3 Austria.7.1 Thailand.3.0 Bottled mineral water is a profitable market in Malaysia. The market is set to undergo greater product differentiation with participants expected to expand into functional and to improve on packaging in order to obtain a higher share of the market. Competition is also predicted to increase with more private labels appearing in the market. Positive growth in this market has increased the interest of other manufacturers and distributors and the increasing competition is likely to support the growth in the coming years. In Malaysia, there are differences between Natural Mineral Water (NWM) and Packaged Drinking Water (PDW). Natural mineral water is defined as groundwater obtained for human consumption from underground water resources.
Bottled mineral water consumption in the world is increasing by an average 7 each year, inspite of the fact that bottled mineral water has a higher price. The convenience of bottled water that can be easily purchased at retail outlets and writing easy to get rid of is the major factor leading many to purchase bottled mineral water. These factors have led to the increasing global production of bottled water, from estimated 142 billion liters in 2002 to over 173 billion liters in 2006. Danone, nestle, coca-cola and Pepsico are biography the world's top four bottled mineral water companies. Although Coca-cola and Pepsico are known as the big carbonated soft drinks manufacturers, they have also noted the potential in the bottled mineral water market and have been developing their brands and capabilities in this market. Although major consumers of bottled water are in Europe and North America, the most promising markets are in Asia pacific with an annual growth rate of 15 (Frost and Sullivan, 2007). The increase in consumption in global with a high income is mainly due to the increasing awareness of the health preserving properties of water, both in its basic, hydrating function as well as a source of precious minerals. Table.1 shows how the world market of bottled water in the 2008, with Mexico being the highest consumption.
Nowadays lifestyles have moved most of the population towards the portable and convenient bottled mineral water. With a lot of bottled mineral water brands available in the market ranging from high end names like evian to local brands like spritzer and Mesra, today's consumer has lots of choices thereby making it necessary for the manufacturer of bottled mineral water to come. Bottled mineral water has become an importance habit in people's everyday lives. Bottled mineral water may even be needful, in case of temporary tap water contamination. Whatever be the reason, the trend towards consuming bottled water is predicted to increase in the coming years. Bottled water has been steadily growing over the past three decades due the dynamic sectors of the food and beverage industry. Water has endurances and sales appeal in any food service segment. It also free of sugar, calories and alcohol, and outruns juice, coffee and soda as a beverage for all day parts.
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Retrieved December 25, 2016. "Fresh water percentage (2. Retrieved from " p? Print, reference this, published: 23rd March, 2015, chapter. Introduction.1 Background, water is an essential component in our life and it can be found in a very large quantity on the earth.
Without water, there would be no living plant and animal. The water consumed by human originated in various forms and from various sources (Baba., 2008). Lately, the popularity of bottled mineral water with consumers has increased due to the increasing contamination of water resources. According to the International Bottled Water Association (2000 and natural mineral water is water that clearly comes from underground sources. It is distinguished from ordinary drinking water because it is characterized by its content of certain mineral salts and their relative proportion and the presence of trace elements of other constituents. Besides that, natural mineral water is also defined as groundwater that obtained directly for human consumption from drilled or natural sources from underground water (Malaysia's food Regulation, 1985).
They build aqueducts to bring water there. Though people can survive a few months without food, they can only survive for a day or two without water. A few desert animals can get enough water from their food, but the others must drink. Water has no smell, taste or color Water is also used for recreational purposes, see list of water sports. Water is used as both the coolant and the neutron moderator in most nuclear reactors. "cia- the world fact book".
"A global outlook for water resources to the year 2025". Water Resources Management 12 (3 167184. "Anomalous properties of water". Retrieved September 1, 2011. "Forty-one anomalies of water « Fairy lore". "8(a) Physical Properties of Water". Retrieved August 31, 2011. Pan "Understanding the processes of erosion". "Surface tension is a contractive tendency of the surface of a liquid that allows it to resist an external force".
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Each type of drink also has other things that add flavor or nutrients, things like sugar, offer fruit, and sometimes alcohol. Water that a person can drink is called "potable review water" (or "drinking water. The water in oceans is salt water, but lakes and rivers usually have unsalted water. Only about 3 of all the water on earth is fresh water. The rest is salt water. 10 11 Drop of water falling from a faucet. Many places, including cities and deserts, don't have as much water as people want.
It keeps the body temperature the same by sweating from the skin. Water helps blood carry nutrients from the stomach to all parts of the body to keep the body alive. Water also helps the blood carry oxygen from the lungs to the body. Saliva, which helps animals and people digest food, is bibliography mostly water. Water helps make urine. Urine helps remove bad chemicals from the body. The human body is between 60 and 70 water. Water is the main component of drinks like milk, juice, and wine.
them freezes. Water is a molecule made of 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom. Its chemical formula is H2O. Like other liquids, water has a surface tension, so a little water can make drops on a surface, rather than always spreading out to wet the surface. 9 Things having something to do with water may have "hydro" or "aqua" in their name, such as hydropower or aquarium, from the Greek and Latin names for water. It is also called the universal solvent, because it dissolves many things. Plants and animals (including people ) are mostly water inside, and must drink water to live. It gives a medium for chemical reactions to take place, and is the main part of blood.
If water gets very cold (below 0 degrees. Celsius it freezes and becomes ice, the frozen variant of water. If water gets very hot (above 100 degrees. Celsius it boils and becomes steam. Water is very important for life. 2, however, some studies suggest that by 2025 more than half the people around the world will not have enough water. 3, contents, spondylolisthesis water is a fluid. Water is the only chemical substance on earth that exists naturally in three states.
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From wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, jump to navigation, jump to search. For water in its solid state, see ice. Impact from a water drop causes an upward "rebound" jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. Water is the most common liquid on, earth. It covers about.4 of the. 1, pure water has no smell, taste, or color. Lakes, oceans, and rivers are made of water. Precipitation is water that falls from clouds essay in the sky. It may be rain (liquid) if warm, or it may be frozen if cold.